Reading Comprehension - Texts and Quizzes
Spanish Reading Practice
We hope you enjoy the over 550 Spanish reading comprehension passages with quizzes provided above. As students practice reading in Spanish with these short passages, they will develop the ability to interpret information, concepts, and ideas from a variety of culturally authentic sources on a wide variety of topics.
Our Spanish reading comprehension passages and quizzes will help you immensely. Reading comprehension is the process of constructing meaning from Spanish words. The goal of all reading instruction is ultimately targeted at helping a reader comprehend Spanish words. The process of reading comprehension involves deciphering the writer's words and then using previous knowledge to construct an understanding of the writer's message. We have gone out of our way to avoid the use of Spanish idioms in our reading comprehension lessons because this greatly increases the frustration on the part of the student.
Many factors affect Spanish reading comprehension. Although word identification is a process that should result in a fairly clear outcome (i.e., a student either reads the word "casa" or not) the process of comprehending text is not really an exact science. Different readers will interpret an author's message in different ways, depending on the previous knowledge and background of the reader. Reading comprehension is affected by the reader's knowledge of vocabulary and knowledge of the Spanish language structure. For example, if the student cannot distinguish ser vs estar then he or she may become quickly confused with even very simple text.
The readers interpretation will also depend upon knowledge of the topic, their reasoning abilities, their desire to learn, and their level of engagement. For example, if they have little interest in the topic, then they may not have much success in correctly interpreting the text.
Reading Comprehension in Spanish
Reading comprehension is also affected by the quality of the reading material. This is why we have invested considerable time and effort in developing these Spanish reading comprehension passages and exercises. Reading material varies greatly in complexity. We carefully select reading material which is appropriate for Spanish students at every level. Our Spanish reading comprehension lessons present easy topics as well as difficult topics. Spanish Listening Practice
Our reading comprehension text is well organized and clear which makes it ideal for the student. Students should avoid text that is poorly organized and difficult to understand because it will confuse and demotivate them. This is precisely the reason why students should NEVER try to read Spanish newspapers or magazines to develop Spanish reading comprehension skills. An excessive amount of work will be required from the reader to comprehend the text. Most students studying Spanish will not have the background, abilities, or motivation to overcome the barriers presented by the difficult text found online and in newspapers.
Reading Exercises for Spanish
Formation: Use the present subjunctive of the verb haber and the past participle.
Yo haya Nosotros hayamos
Tú hayas + past participle
Él, ella, Ud. haya Ellos(as), Uds. hayan
Examples: Yo dudo que hayas estudiado hoy: I doubt that you have studied today.
Yo quiero que hayas preparado la comida: I want you to have prepared the food.
Dudan que nosotros hayamos escrito la carta: They doubt that we have written the letter.
*Whereas the present subjunctive is used to refer to events that may occur either at the same time as or after the action of the
main verb, the present perfect subjunctive refers to actions or situations that may have occurred before the action of the
When do you use the present perfect subjunctive? When:
(1) The main verb is in the present, future, present perfect, or command form, and
(2) The action of the verb in the subjunctive is expected to have taken place before the action of the main verb.
Spanish Reading Comprehension Exercises
Pluperfect Subjunctive Formation: Use the imperfect subjunctive of haber and the past participle of a verb.
Yo hubiera Nosotros hubiéramos
Tú hubieras + past participle
Él, ella, Ud. hubiera Ellos(as), Uds. hubieran
Examples: El entrenador quería que nosotros hubiéramos corrido tres millas antes del comienzo del partido:
The trainer wanted us to have run 3 miles before the beginning of the game.
When do you use the pluperfect subjunctive? When:
(1) The main verb is in the past (preterite, imperfect, or pluperfect), or the conditional tense, and
(2) The action of the main verb in the subjunctive is expected to have taken place before that of the main verb.
Spanish Reading Passages for Comprehension
The Subjunctive with Como Si and Ojalá que
-Since the expression como si (as if) always refers to something that is contrary to fact, it must always be followed by the subjunctive.
-Only the imperfect subjunctive and the pluperfect subjunctive can be used with como si.
-Note the difference between the following examples:
(1) Mateo duerme como si trabajara mucho: Mateo always sleeps as if he worked a lot (but he does not).
(2) Elena duerme como si hubiera trabajado mucho: Elena sleeps as if she had worked a lot (but she did not).
(3) Julio y Rosa se visten como si no hiciera frío: Julio and Rosa dress as if it were not cold (but it is).
-The present subjunctive follows ojalá que when one is hoping for something to happen now or in the future.
(1) ¡Ojalá que haga buen tiempo! I hope that the weather is good! (It may or may not be good)
-The present perfect subjunctive follows ojalá que when one is hoping something to have happened in the past.
(1) ¡Ojalá que haya hecho buen tiempo! I hope that the weather was good! (It may or may not have been good)
-The imperfect subjunctive follows ojalá que when one is hoping for something contrary to fact in the present (or something that
one does not really expect to become part of reality).
(1) ¡Ojalá que hiciera buen tiempo hoy! I wish that the weather were good today! (but it is not, or I don’t expect it to be)
-The pluperfect subjunctive follows ojalá que when one is hoping for something contrary to fact in the past or one does not really
really expect it to have been true.
(1) ¡Ojalá que hubieran practicado! I wish that they had practiced! (but they did not, or I do not expect them to have)
*When you are using the present subjunctive & the present perfect subjunctive with ojalá que, your wishes may (or may not) come
** When you are using the imperfect subjunctive or the pluperfect subjunctive with ojalá que, you already know that what you are
wishing for is not part of reality (or you do not expect it to have been part of reality).