Dialogues in Spanish - Intermediate  

Dialogues - Intermediate - Low LevelNext Lesson
Overview

A demonstrative adjective always accompanies a noun. In the phrase, "Este carro (this car)", the demonstrative adjective, "este", explains which car you are talking about (this car).

Demonstrative Adjectives

Singular Plural
este estos this, these (m)
esta estas this, these (f)
ese esos that, those (m)
esa esas that, those (f)
aquel aquellos that over there, those over there (m)
aquella aquellas that over there, those over there (f)

m - masculine
f - feminine

Let's look at some example sentences.

Este libro es bueno.
This book is good.

Estos platos son grandes.
These plates are big.

A demonstrative pronoun indicates more or less proximity to what is being talked about. As with all pronouns, it also replaces a noun.

Demonstrative Pronouns

Singular Plural
éste éstos this one, these (m)
ésta éstas this one, these (f)
ése ésos that one, those (m)
ésa ésas that one, those (f)
aquél aquéllos that one over there, those over there (m)
aquélla aquéllas that one over there, those over there (f)

m - masculine
f - feminine

Let's see how demonstrative pronouns are used:

Mi carro es mejor que aquél.
My car is better than that one.
aquél = that one

Estos perros son mejores que aquellos.
These dogs are better than those.
aquéllos = those


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